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Korean J. Pl. Taxon > Volume 43(2); 2013 > Article
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 2013;43(2): 81-89.
doi: https://doi.org/10.11110/kjpt.2013.43.2.81
한국산 겨우살이류(Viscum, Korthalsella, Loranthus and Taxillus)의 분류 및 생태학적 특성 고찰
김찬수 , 김수영 , 선병윤 , 이재선
A review of the taxonomic and ecological characteristics of Korean mistletoe type (Viscum, Korthalsella, Loranthus and Taxillus)
Chan Soo Kim , Soo Young Kim , Byung Yun Sun , Jae Seon Yi
Abstract
In general, studies of aerial parasitic plants known collectively as mistletoe have been carried out to investigate their ecological and agricultural characteristics. However, with the recently increased level of interest in medicinal resources, research on different types of Korean mistletoe has also increased. This study was carried out to review the work on the taxonomy and ecology of Korean mistletoe in preparation for the industrial use of these plants in the future. Mistletoe types are flowering plants belonging to Santalales, which exist in the form of parasites on the branches of trees or shrubs. In Korean, five taxa of four genera in two families of mistletoe exist: Viscum coloratum (Komarov) Nakai f. coloratum, Viscum coloratum (Komarov) Nakai f. rubroaurantiacum (Makino) Kitagawa and Korthasella japonica (Thunb.) Engl. in Santalaceae, along with Loranthus tanakae Franch. et Sav. and Taxillus yadoriki (Sieb. ex Maxim.) Danser in Lotanthaceae. As taxonomic studies of these species remain insufficient and given that the distribution ranges of these species are very wide, further observations pertaining to the morphological variations in each species are necessary. The distribution of mistletoes is known to be determined by the host specificity, the interval between the hosts, the environmental condition, the habits of the host plant, the eating characteristics of mediators in the area, and their habitat selection features.
KeyWords: Sabtalaceae, Loranthaceae, taxonomy, ecology
주요어: 단향과, 꼬리겨우살이과, 분류학, 생태학
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